Top: 25-30 m height, 500 m diameter Salbyk kurgan before excavation, 5th-4th c.BC. Upper Enisey-Irtysh interfluvial. Photo beginning of 20th c. Salbyk kurgan is surrounded by balbals, and topped with a kurgan obelisk…
Bottom: Newgrange in the 1950s. Newgrange is a prehistoric monument in County Meath, Ireland, about one kilometre north of the River Boyne. It was built about 3200 BC, during the Neolithic period…
Copper pendant… probably Late Mississippian Tradition (archaeological culture) (attributed) AD 1300-1500. Ground south of mound D, Burial 164; Moundville; Hale County and Tuscaloosa County; Alabama; USA. Excavated by Clarence B. Moore in 1905 or 1906..
Marine shell gorgets from Craig Mound, Spiro, probably made of conch (lightening whelk) from the northern Gulf coast. These artifacts often bear elaborate iconography associated with the Southern Cult. Courtesy Robert Bell and the Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, University of Oklahoma.
The eyes of that species of extinct Giants, whose bones fill the mounds of America, have gazed on Niagara, as ours do now.
ELAMITE BRONZE STATUETTE OF A FEMALE DEITY
This statuette, probably fashioned from a mold with additional details of the body and coiffure cold-incised afterwards, depicts a standing nude woman with her arms raised to her head in a gesture of worship. Her wrists are each decorated with a pair of bracelets, and her braided locks are wrapped close to her head in a turban.
The statuette displays features that are widely seen in smaller scale Near Eastern bronze and terracotta figurines from the late 3rd through the 2nd millennium B.C.: rigid frontal pose, exaggerated pubic triangle, tiny waist, upraised arms, large eyes, connected brows and broad triangular nose. The pubic triangle is stippled and the prominent breasts are applied, emphasizing the sexuality of figure. This bronze probably played a votive or devotional role in fertility cults or in worship of “the Great Goddess”, Kirisha, who became the most important female deity in the Elamite pantheon during the 2nd millennium.
Elamite art is very closely related to Mesopotamian art. During the period of the 3rd – early 2nd millennium B.C., Elamite culture and history was linked to that of its neighbors: Sumer and Babylon. The capital of Elam was the city of Susa, famed during this period for its wealth and beauty.
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